Acute heart failure guidelines esc Pleasantdale

Acute heart failure guidelines esc

Acute Heart Failure DynaMed The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has published guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure, with around 1-2 percent of adults in developed countries having this condition, according to a presentation at the Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd European Society of Cardiology in Florence, Italy.

ESC Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment on Acute and

Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines on Heart Failure An. 01/12/2016В В· ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC., The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has published guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure, with around 1-2 percent of adults in developed countries having this condition, according to a presentation at the Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd European Society of Cardiology in Florence, Italy..

04/06/2019В В· Abstract. The 2013 (with updates in 2016 and 2017) American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and 2016 European Society of Cardiology guidelines provide practical evidence-based clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of both acute and chronic heart failure (HF). 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC

British Society for Heart Failure. Defining the specifics for the provision of heart failure services in secondary and tertiary care. Download European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. See guidelines European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Association. Standards for Heart Failure 2017 - 4th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 29 April - 02 May 2017, Paris - France Scientific Programme

A presentation from the Inaugural Session session at Heart Failure 2019 - 6th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript. If you are seeing this message, it is likely that the Javascript option in your browser is disabled. British Society for Heart Failure. Defining the specifics for the provision of heart failure services in secondary and tertiary care. Download European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. See guidelines European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Association. Standards for

Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease 25/08/2018В В· 6 Revascularization in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. 7 Revascularization in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. 8 Myocardial revascularization in patients with heart failure. 9 Revascularization in patients with diabetes . 10 Revascularization in patients with chronic kidney disease. 11 Revascularization in patients requiring valve interventions. 12 Associated peripheral

Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, Bueno H, Cleland JG, Coats AJ, Falk V, González-Juanatey JR, Harjola VP, Jankowska EA, Jessup M, Linde C, Nihoyannopoulos P, Parissis JT, Pieske B, Riley JP, Rosano GM, Ruilope LM, Ruschitzka F, Rutten FH, van der Meer P; Authors/Task Force Members; Document … 20/05/2016 · This editorial refers to ‘2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure’ †, by P. Ponikowski et al., on page 2129. The American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) are pleased to announce the publication of 2 updated clinical practice guidelines on management of patients

1. Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Oct;10(10):933-89. doi: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.08.005. Epub 2008 Sep 16. ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008: the Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008 of the European Society of Cardiology. 18/05/2012В В· ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC

Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, Bueno H, Cleland JG, Coats AJ, Falk V, González-Juanatey JR, Harjola VP, Jankowska EA, Jessup M, Linde C, Nihoyannopoulos P, Parissis JT, Pieske B, Riley JP, Rosano GM, Ruilope LM, Ruschitzka F, Rutten FH, van der Meer P; Authors/Task Force Members; Document … ESC GUIDELINES 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC Authors/Task Force Members: Piotr Ponikowski* (Chairperson) (Poland), Adriaan

ESC Preventive Cardiology 2020. 02 April to 04 April 2020. Malaga, Spain. EHRA 2020. 29 March to 31 March 2020. Vienna - Austria . EACVI Course on CT 26-28 March 2020, Sophia Antipolis. 26 March to 28 March 2020. Sophia Antipolis - France. Acute Cardiovascular Care 2020. 07 March to 09 March 2020. Athens, Greece. EHRA Interventional Electrophysiology and Examination Preparatory Course. 20 The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has published guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure, with around 1-2 percent of adults in developed countries having this condition, according to a presentation at the Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd European Society of Cardiology in Florence, Italy.

Acute heart failure European Society of Cardiology

Acute heart failure guidelines esc

ESC Guidelines on acute and chronic heart failure launched. ESC Preventive Cardiology 2020. 02 April to 04 April 2020. Malaga, Spain. EHRA 2020. 29 March to 31 March 2020. Vienna - Austria . EACVI Course on CT 26-28 March 2020, Sophia Antipolis. 26 March to 28 March 2020. Sophia Antipolis - France. Acute Cardiovascular Care 2020. 07 March to 09 March 2020. Athens, Greece. EHRA Interventional Electrophysiology and Examination Preparatory Course. 20, Acute Heart Failure Guidelines Clinical Assessment. It is felt that the "clinical severity" classification is the most useful to categorise the acute heart failure patient (page 388, 3.1.3). Since no figure has been included in the original document, we have added figure 1..

Acute heart failure guidance from the darkness State of

Acute heart failure guidelines esc

Heart Failure 2017 4th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure. Initial management of a patient with Acute Heart Failure Ref-1. References Procalcitonin in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Heart Failure Management Guidelines. Ref-1: 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure Practice guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provide clinicians with an evidence-based approach to the management of patients with acute or chronic heart failure (HF)..

Acute heart failure guidelines esc

  • ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute
  • Acute heart failure guidance from the darkness State of
  • HFA Philip Poole Wilson lecture Heart Failure Guidelines

  • Initial management of a patient with Acute Heart Failure Ref-1. References Procalcitonin in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Heart Failure Management Guidelines. Ref-1: 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has published guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure, with around 1-2 percent of adults in developed countries having this condition, according to a presentation at the Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd European Society of Cardiology in Florence, Italy.

    Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, et al. 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure: The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. A presentation from the The new ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure session at ESC CONGRESS 2016. A presentation from the The new ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure session at ESC CONGRESS 2016.. Sign in. ESC 365. Get your access to ESC 365

    18/05/2012В В· ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC Heart Failure 2017 - 4th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 29 April - 02 May 2017, Paris - France Scientific Programme

    Heart Failure 2018 & World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 26 - 29 May 2018, Vienna - Austria Scientific Programme Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, Bueno H, Cleland JG, Coats AJ, Falk V, González-Juanatey JR, Harjola VP, Jankowska EA, Jessup M, Linde C, Nihoyannopoulos P, Parissis JT, Pieske B, Riley JP, Rosano GM, Ruilope LM, Ruschitzka F, Rutten FH, van der Meer P; Authors/Task Force Members; Document …

    Heart Failure 2017 - 4th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 29 April - 02 May 2017, Paris - France Scientific Programme 20/04/2019 · Acute heart failure (AHF) is defined as the sudden presentation or sudden aggravation of signs and symptoms of heart failure, often requiring hospitalisation. 1 It is a life-threatening condition, with in-hospital mortality ranging from 22% to 37% in severe cases of cardiogenic shock. 2–4 Inotropes have been used in the management of patients with AHF for decades, especially for patients

    ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. Addenda. 2012. 8 p. Electronic copies: Available in Portable Document Format (PDF) from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Web site. ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. Corrigendum. 2013. 1 p. Initial management of a patient with Acute Heart Failure Ref-1. References Procalcitonin in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Heart Failure Management Guidelines. Ref-1: 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure

    ESC GUIDELINES ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012 The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC 25/08/2018В В· 6 Revascularization in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. 7 Revascularization in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. 8 Myocardial revascularization in patients with heart failure. 9 Revascularization in patients with diabetes . 10 Revascularization in patients with chronic kidney disease. 11 Revascularization in patients requiring valve interventions. 12 Associated peripheral

    ESC Heart Failure welcomes submission of manuscripts on basic, translational, clinical and population sciences, as well as original contributions on nursing, care of the elderly, primary care, health economics and other specialist fields related to heart failure. The journal also invites case reports that highlight interesting aspects of heart failure care and treatment. 1. Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Aug;14(8):803-69. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfs105. ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology.

    Acute Heart Failure Guidelines Clinical Assessment. It is felt that the "clinical severity" classification is the most useful to categorise the acute heart failure patient (page 388, 3.1.3). Since no figure has been included in the original document, we have added figure 1. ESC Heart Failure welcomes submission of manuscripts on basic, translational, clinical and population sciences, as well as original contributions on nursing, care of the elderly, primary care, health economics and other specialist fields related to heart failure. The journal also invites case reports that highlight interesting aspects of heart failure care and treatment.

    HFA Philip Poole Wilson lecture Heart Failure Guidelines

    Acute heart failure guidelines esc

    Pocket Guidelines on Acute and Chronic Heart Failure. Practice guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provide clinicians with an evidence-based approach to the management of patients with acute or chronic heart failure (HF)., 13/12/2017В В· Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, et al. Authors/Task Force Members. 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure: The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC..

    Acute heart failure guidance from the darkness State of

    2018 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularization. Rome, Italy – 27 August 2016: European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure have been published in European Heart Journal 1 and the European Journal of Heart Failure. They were launched at Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd World Congress on Acute Heart Failure in May and key messages will be presented at ESC Congress., 20/04/2019 · Acute heart failure (AHF) is defined as the sudden presentation or sudden aggravation of signs and symptoms of heart failure, often requiring hospitalisation. 1 It is a life-threatening condition, with in-hospital mortality ranging from 22% to 37% in severe cases of cardiogenic shock. 2–4 Inotropes have been used in the management of patients with AHF for decades, especially for patients.

    www.escardio.org/guidelines 2016 ESC Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute & Chronic Heart Failure Take-home summary Piotr Ponikowski ESC GUIDELINES ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012 The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC

    The following are key points to remember from the 2016 ESC Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure (HF): These guidelines now define HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) where patients have a left ventricular EF (LVEF) in the range of 40-49%. 1. Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Aug;14(8):803-69. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfs105. ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology.

    A presentation from the Acute heart failure session at ESC Congress 2018 In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript. If you are seeing this message, it is likely that the Javascript option in your browser is disabled. ESC Heart Failure welcomes submission of manuscripts on basic, translational, clinical and population sciences, as well as original contributions on nursing, care of the elderly, primary care, health economics and other specialist fields related to heart failure. The journal also invites case reports that highlight interesting aspects of heart failure care and treatment.

    Acute Heart Failure Guidelines Clinical Assessment. It is felt that the "clinical severity" classification is the most useful to categorise the acute heart failure patient (page 388, 3.1.3). Since no figure has been included in the original document, we have added figure 1. ESC GUIDELINES 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC Authors/Task Force Members: Piotr Ponikowski* (Chairperson) (Poland), Adriaan

    Practice guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provide clinicians with an evidence-based approach to the management of patients with acute or chronic heart failure (HF). 07/08/2017В В· Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, Bueno H, Cleland JG, Coats AJ, et al. 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure: the Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Developed with the special contribution of the Heart

    The following are key points to remember from the 2016 ESC Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure (HF): These guidelines now define HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) where patients have a left ventricular EF (LVEF) in the range of 40-49%. Initial management of a patient with Acute Heart Failure Ref-1. References Procalcitonin in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Heart Failure Management Guidelines. Ref-1: 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure

    13/12/2017В В· Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, et al. Authors/Task Force Members. 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure: The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. Guidelines in Daily Practice IV: patient with acute heart failure and pulmonary embolism. session at Heart Failure 2019 - 6th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript.

    20/05/2016 · This editorial refers to ‘2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure’ †, by P. Ponikowski et al., on page 2129. The American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) are pleased to announce the publication of 2 updated clinical practice guidelines on management of patients The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has published guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure, with around 1-2 percent of adults in developed countries having this condition, according to a presentation at the Heart Failure 2016 and the 3rd European Society of Cardiology in Florence, Italy.

    New ESC Guidelines On Acute And Chronic Heart Failure

    Acute heart failure guidelines esc

    Acute heart failure European Society of Cardiology. Practice guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provide clinicians with an evidence-based approach to the management of patients with acute or chronic heart failure (HF)., ESC GUIDELINES ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012 The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC.

    ESC Guidelines for Acute and Chronic Heart Failure. 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure The Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Developed with the special contribution of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC, ESC Preventive Cardiology 2020. 02 April to 04 April 2020. Malaga, Spain. EHRA 2020. 29 March to 31 March 2020. Vienna - Austria . EACVI Course on CT 26-28 March 2020, Sophia Antipolis. 26 March to 28 March 2020. Sophia Antipolis - France. Acute Cardiovascular Care 2020. 07 March to 09 March 2020. Athens, Greece. EHRA Interventional Electrophysiology and Examination Preparatory Course. 20.

    ESC Heart Failure Wiley Online Library

    Acute heart failure guidelines esc

    New ESC Guidelines On Acute And Chronic Heart Failure. 20/05/2016 · This editorial refers to ‘2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure’ †, by P. Ponikowski et al., on page 2129. The American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) are pleased to announce the publication of 2 updated clinical practice guidelines on management of patients A presentation from the Inaugural Session session at Heart Failure 2019 - 6th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript. If you are seeing this message, it is likely that the Javascript option in your browser is disabled..

    Acute heart failure guidelines esc

  • ESC Guidelines on acute and chronic heart failure launched
  • ESC Heart Failure Wiley Online Library
  • ESC Guidelines for Acute and Chronic Heart Failure

  • A presentation from the Inaugural Session session at Heart Failure 2019 - 6th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript. If you are seeing this message, it is likely that the Javascript option in your browser is disabled. ESC Heart Failure welcomes submission of manuscripts on basic, translational, clinical and population sciences, as well as original contributions on nursing, care of the elderly, primary care, health economics and other specialist fields related to heart failure. The journal also invites case reports that highlight interesting aspects of heart failure care and treatment.

    04/06/2019В В· Abstract. The 2013 (with updates in 2016 and 2017) American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and 2016 European Society of Cardiology guidelines provide practical evidence-based clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of both acute and chronic heart failure (HF). Practice guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provide clinicians with an evidence-based approach to the management of patients with acute or chronic heart failure (HF).

    ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. Addenda. 2012. 8 p. Electronic copies: Available in Portable Document Format (PDF) from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Web site. ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. Corrigendum. 2013. 1 p. Therefore, all authors aiming to publish in ESC Heart Failure are requested to state in the article’s cover letter that they have adhered to the journal’s ethics policies by stating “The authors of this manuscript comply with the ethics policies of ESC Heart Failure as stated in the ESC Heart Failure Author Guidelines on its website”. [1]

    1. Eur J Heart Fail. 2012 Aug;14(8):803-69. doi: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfs105. ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Heart Failure 2017 - 4th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 29 April - 02 May 2017, Paris - France Scientific Programme

    A presentation from the Guidelines in Daily Practice II: heart failure and hypertension session at Heart Failure 2019 - 6th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure In order to bring you the best possible user experience, this site uses Javascript. Heart Failure 2018 & World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 26 - 29 May 2018, Vienna - Austria Scientific Programme

    Heart Failure 2017 - 4th World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 29 April - 02 May 2017, Paris - France Scientific Programme ESC Web Site; Congresses; Heart Failure 2020 Clear search: My Programme Guidelines in Daily Practice I: Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction - Update 2020. more. Sat 23 May 11:00 - 12:00: Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Guidelines in Daily Practice Picasso - lecture room Cardiogenic shock: frequent etiologies and contemporary treatment. more. Sat 23 May 11:00 - 12

    01/12/2016В В· ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. ESC Heart Failure welcomes submission of manuscripts on basic, translational, clinical and population sciences, as well as original contributions on nursing, care of the elderly, primary care, health economics and other specialist fields related to heart failure. The journal also invites case reports that highlight interesting aspects of heart failure care and treatment.

    Acute heart failure guidelines esc

    Heart Failure 2018 & World Congress on Acute Heart Failure 26 - 29 May 2018, Vienna - Austria Scientific Programme ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. Addenda. 2012. 8 p. Electronic copies: Available in Portable Document Format (PDF) from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Web site. ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012. Corrigendum. 2013. 1 p.